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Accessing the ASP.NET Authentication, Profile and Role Service in Silverlight

How to access the WCF application services from a directly from the Silverlight client

Part 2: Save Personalization Settings

In this part I will show how to leverage the ASP.NET profile system to store and retrieve data tied to a particular user.  The beautiful thing about this is there is no explicit database configuration required.

First, let's go back to the ASP.NET server project and add the ProfileService.svc.  The easiest way to do this might be to copy the AuthenticationService.svc change the file name and then change the contents as show below.

<%@ ServiceHost Language="C#" Service=
"System.Web.ApplicationServices.
ProfileService"
%>

Now, we need to enable the service via WCF configuration in web.config.  This looks just like the config for the prfofile service.  In the system.serviceModel\services section add a new node.

      <!-- this enables the WCF 
ProfileService endpoint
--> <service name=
"System.Web.ApplicationServices.
ProfileService
" behaviorConfiguration=
"ProfileServiceTypeBehaviors"> <endpoint contract=
"System.Web.ApplicationServices.
ProfileService
" binding="basicHttpBinding"
bindingConfiguration
="userHttp" bindingNamespace=
"http://asp.net/
ApplicationServices/v200
"/> </service>

and in the system.serviceModel\behaviors\serviceBehaviors add a new node

        <behavior name=
"ProfileServiceTypeBehaviors"> <serviceMetadata
httpGetEnabled
="true"/> </behavior>



Now we need to configure the profile system.  Again, in web.config add a section listing all the profile properties.  In the System.web section, add the following node.

    <profile>
      <properties>
        <add name="Color" type=
"string" defaultValue="Red" /> </properties> </profile>

 

Now we need to enable profile service to be accessed from the webservice. To do this, add the following node to the system.web.extensions\scripting\webservices section.

        <profileService enabled=
"true" readAccessProperties=
"Color" writeAccessProperties=
"Color"/>

Now, let's go to the Silverlight client and add a reference to this service.  This is the same as we did authentication service. Add Service Reference, Discover and select the profileService.

image

 

Now, we need to add a little UI to the page.xaml in order to give us a way to view and edit the personalized setting.

            <StackPanel Orientation=
"Horizontal"
HorizontalAlignment=
"Center"> <
TextBlock>Favorite Color:
</TextBlock> <TextBox x:Name=
"colorNameBox"

Width
="100" Height=
"25"></
TextBox> <Button x:Name=
"submitButton"

Width
="50" Height="25" Content="submit" Click=
"submitButton_Click"
>
</
Button> </StackPanel>

Now, let's extend loginComplete to retrieve all the profile properties for the user that just logged in.   Again, we need to do that asynchronously so we don't block the browser.

void client_LoginCompleted
(object sender,
LoginCompletedEventArgs
e) { if (e.Error != null) statusText.Text =
e.Error.ToString(); else { statusText.Text = e.UserState +
" logged In result:" + e.Result; ProfileServiceClient client =
new
ProfileServiceClient(); client.GetAllProperties
ForCurrentUserAsync(false); client.GetAllProperties
ForCurrentUserCompleted +=
new
EventHandler
<GetAllPropertiesFor
CurrentUserCompletedEventArgs
>
(client_GetAllProperties
ForCurrentUserCompleted); } }

When we get the property values back, we just set the LayoutRoot to have that background.

void client_GetAllProperties
ForCurrentUserCompleted
(object sender,
GetAllPropertiesForCurrent
UserCompletedEventArgs
e) { if (e.Error == null) { colorNameBox.Text =
e.Result["Color"]; ChangeBackgroundColor
(e.Result["Color"]); } }
private void ChangeBackgroundColor
(string colorName) { SolidColorBrush brush =
new
SolidColorBrush(); switch (colorName.ToLower()) { case "black": brush.Color = Colors.Black; break; case "blue": brush.Color = Colors.Blue; break; case "brown": brush.Color = Colors.Brown; break; case "green": brush.Color = Colors.Green; break; case "orange": brush.Color = Colors.Orange; break; case "purple": brush.Color = Colors.Purple; break; case "yellow": brush.Color = Colors.Yellow; break; case "red": brush.Color = Colors.Red; break; case "white": default: brush.Color = Colors.White; break; } LayoutRoot.Background = brush; }

Finally, when the submit button is pressed we need to set the value on the server.. for completeness, I show waiting until the result comes back from the server before setting the background locally.

private void submitButton_Click
(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) { ProfileServiceClient client =
new
ProfileServiceClient(); Dictionary<string, object> properites =
new
Dictionary<string,object>(); properites.Add("Color",colorNameBox.Text); client.SetPropertiesForCurrentUserAsync
(properites, false, properites); client.SetProperties
ForCurrentUserCompleted +=
new EventHandler
<SetPropertiesForCurrent
UserCompletedEventArgs
>
(client_SetPropertiesFor
CurrentUserCompleted); } void client_SetPropertiesFor
CurrentUserCompleted
(object sender,
SetPropertiesForCurrentUser
CompletedEventArgs
e) { Dictionary<string, object>
properites = e.UserState as
Dictionary<string, object>; ChangeBackgroundColor
((string)properites["Color"]); }

The end result looks good!  Notice the employee and the manager can each have different values for color.

image

 

image

 

 

Next Page - Part 3. Enable Custom UI Based on a User's Role

More Stories By Brad Abrams

Brad Abrams is currently the Group Program Manager for the UI Framework and Services team at Microsoft which is responsible for delivering the developer platform that spans both client and web based applications, as well as the common services that are available to all applications. Specific technologies owned by this team include ASP.NET, Atlas and Windows Forms. He was a founding member of both the Common Language Runtime, and .NET Framework teams.

Brad has been designing parts of the .NET Framework since 1998 when he started his framework design career building the BCL (Base Class Library) that ships as a core part of the .NET Framework. He was also the lead editor on the Common Language Specification (CLS), the .NET Framework Design Guidelines, the libraries in the ECMA\ISO CLI Standard, and has been deeply involved with the WinFX and Windows Vista efforts from their beginning.

He co-authored Programming in the .NET Environment, and was editor on .NET Framework Standard Library Annotated Reference Vol 1 and Vol 2 and the Framework Design Guidelines.

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